Web Pages | A 13,000-year-old skeleton discovered in Quintana Roo,,es,62,,en,portfolio_page-template-default,single,single-portfolio_page,postid-62,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,mac,qode-theme-ver-3.4,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.0.1,vc_responsive,,en,Scientists have called her Naia, the name of a nymph of Greek mythology. Dating from 12,000 to 13,000 years, the oldest human skeleton on the American continent was discovered in an underwater cave in southern Mexico, (INAH) announced on Wednesday, May 15 DNA from the bones of a young woman and Analysis concludes the debate about the origins of Native Americans.,,es
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Un esqueleto de 13 000 años descubierto en Quintana Roo

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Un esqueleto de 13 000 años descubierto en Quintana Roo Blog

Los científicos la han llamado Naia, el nombre de una ninfa de la mitología griega. Que data de 12 000 a 13 000 años, el esqueleto humano más antiguo del continente americano fue descubierto en una cueva submarina en el sur de México, anunció el (INAH), el miércoles 15 mayo El ADN de los huesos de una mujer joven y análisis concluye el debate sobre los orígenes de los nativos americanos.

This exceptional discovery dates back to May 2007 in the Yucatan Peninsula. A group of archaeologists divers explore the largest underground river network in the world, near the city of Tulum, in the state of Quintana Roo. In the corner of an underwater tunnel, over more than 1,200 meters, they saw a huge submerged cave.,,es,says Alberto Nava, one of the divers who baptized the,,es,(,,en,) of the site.,,es “We immediately knew that the place was unique in its depth and darkness”, dice Alberto Nava, uno de los buzos que bautizaron el “Hoyo Negro” (“Black Hole”) del sitio.

“At that time, the place was not submerged as the sea level was 120 meters lower, said Pilar Luna Erreguerena, deputy director of INAH, who led the speleological project. Since the end of the last ice age, there ten thousand years, the rising waters flooded the caves of Yucatan.,,es,For several years, an international and multidisciplinary team with the participation of researchers in the US, Canada, Denmark and Mexico, has worked on the analysis of these human and animal remains. The results of his work were recently published in the journal Science.,,es “

Esqueleto de 13 mil años encontrado en Quintana Roo Blog Webs in Playa


Durante varios años, un equipo internacional y multidisciplinario con participación de investigadores en los EE.UU., Canadá, Dinamarca y México, ha trabajado en el análisis de estos restos humanos y animales. Los resultados de su trabajo fueron publicados recientemente en la revista Science.

Radiocarbon dating of bone and analysis of mitochondrial DNA extracted from the pulp of a molar Naia reveal their Asian genetic “This shows that the first inhabitants of the Americas arrived from Siberia through the strip of land that connects Asia and Alaska, now submerged under the Bering Strait,,es,says Mrs. Erreguerana. Better, this discovery confirms the link between these Paléoaméricains and contemporary Native Americans.,,es,The question has greatly fueled the debate among archaeologists as the facial morphology of the oldest skeletons found on the continent, dating back 12,000 years, does not resemble that of today's indigenous people. The latter has a shorter and less narrow than those of the first inhabitants of the face of the occupants of America.,,es”, dice la Sra. Erreguerana. Mejor, este descubrimiento confirma el vínculo entre estos Paléoaméricains y contemporáneos indígenas americanos.

La pregunta ha alimentado mucho el debate entre los arqueólogos como la morfología facial de los esqueletos más antiguos encontrados en el continente, que se remonta 12.000 años, no se parece a la de los indígenas actuales. Este último tiene una más corta y menos estrechos que los de los primeros habitantes de la cara de los ocupantes de América. “The remains of Paléoaméricains, which were nomads, are rare and often in poor storage conditions, explains Erreguerana. Hence the importance of the discovery of the complete skeleton of Naia, in perfect condition due to the mixture of fresh and salt water from underground rivers of Yucatan.,,es,In addition, accurate dating, its anatomical and genetic analysis revealed that the Naia skull has similar characteristics to current American Indians.,,es,, says José Concepción Jiménez, researcher in physical anthropology. Therefore, the original peoples of the Americas have all come through the Bering Strait, not Eurasia by sea for some.,,es “

Esqueleto encontrado en Quintana Roo INDIAN GO DOWN WELL FIRST AMERICAN
Además, una datación precisa, su análisis anatómico y genético reveló que el cráneo Naia tiene características similares a los actuales indios estadounidenses. “This avoids the assumption that Indians today are not descendants of the first Americans”, dice José Concepción Jiménez, investigadora en antropología física. Por lo tanto, los pueblos originarios de las Américas todos han llegado a través del estrecho de Bering, no Eurasia por el mar para algunos. “Their morphological differences are related to the genetic evolution experienced by the Native Americans in the last thousands of years in the continent, to adapt to the climatic conditions of the region,,es,,,,en,The mystery does not stop there.,,es,The discovery of the complete genome of Naia allows us to determine if the genetic diseases of contemporary Mexicans come, or not, from the first inhabitants of the continent since pre-Hispanic times or the mixture, linked to the Spanish colonization,,es,says Jiménez.,,es”,

El misterio no se detiene allí. “El descubrimiento del genoma completo de Naia nos permiten determinar si las enfermedades genéticas de los mexicanos contemporáneos vienen, o no, de los primeros habitantes del continente desde la época prehispánica o de la mezcla, ligados a la colonización española”, dice Jiménez.


May 20, 2014


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